To cite this article:
Gerçek, C. (2020). High school students’ cognitive structures and views: What is a genetically modified organism? Eğitimde Nitel Araştırmalar Dergisi – Journal of Qualitative Research in Education, 8(1), 96-106. doi:10.14689/issn.2148-2624.1.8c.1s.8c.1s.5m
Abstract. This research aims to demonstrate high school students’ cognitive structures and views about GMOs. This research employs Phenomenology- one of the qualitative research methods. The research group was composed of 205 students attending various high schools chosen through purposeful sampling. A 3-part form was used as the data collection tool. Part one contained a word association test while part two contained views and part three contained a section for drawings. The data were evaluated with content analysis. Consequently, it was found that the participating students’ 1024 concepts about GMOs were divided into 5 categories and their 156 drawings were divided into 5 categories. It was found that conceptual framework in relation to GMO had not been formed completely in the participants. On examining the drawings, it was found that students made drawings about the harm of GMOs to health most.
Keywords: Genetically modified organisms, high school students, cognitive structure, word association test